ESL and IELTS Help 4 U

Archive for November 2010

Learning to write well in English is challenging!

Many students struggle with forming a sentence with a proper subject and verb.

But a good writer must go beyond this point.

After the first draft of an essay, a good writer looks at each point the essay is making and every sentence used to make that point.  Do all the sentences look the same?

Dan is an engineer. He studied very hard for many years. He went to Chiang Mai University and graduated from the Faculty of Engineering. His father is an engineer, too. Dan’s father told him about being an engineer. Dan was interested and decided to become an engineer. An engineer has to be good at mathematics. Dan was not good at math. Dan’s father hired a tutor to help him. Dan is grateful to his tutor for helping him become good at math. He is not sure he would have passed mathematics without his tutor. Dan knows his tutor helped him to become a good engineer.

There is nothing wrong with this paragraph. Each sentence is correct. But the structure of each sentence is the same. A few changes make the paragraph better.

As a young boy, Dan already wanted to become an engineer. His father, who was an engineer all his life, told Dan many interesting stories about his career. Dan liked these stories and decided he would become an engineer, too. But there was one problem. In order to become an engineer, Dan had to be good at mathematics. He wasn’t. He struggled in math at school. So Dan’s father hired a tutor, and Dan spent many extra hours studying with his tutor to improve his math. Finally, after many years of hard work, Dan graduated from Chiang Mai University with an engineering degree. Dan will always be grateful to his tutor for helping him fulfill his dream.

This second paragraph uses different sentence structures. Different structures make the thoughts flow more smoothly.

Some sentences are long. Others are short which makes the paragraph more interesting to read.

New words have been used to add interest. The idea of Dan “fulfilling his dream” adds emotion to the paragraph. Telling us that Dan struggled brings the reader into the paragraph because we all know what it means to struggle.

Finally, the points in the paragraph were rearranged. The second paragraph begins with Dan’s childhood and takes the reader from there to graduation. This helps the reader because it begins at the beginning and takes the reader through to Dan’s graduation.

There are many ways this paragraph can be written. But hopefully, this example of varying sentence structure will be useful the next time you are writing an essay.

I know that working on your sentences means that you have to work longer and harder. But as you practice, it will get easier and easier. You’ll begin to think differently, and creative sentences will be the first sentences you think of when you’re writing the first draft.

It’s not easy but it is very rewarding! You will know that your writing is the best it can be.


There’s a lot of talk about confidence when we’re talking about students learning English. Students want to build confidence.  Parents often told me they wanted their children to be more confident when speaking English.  Confidence-building is a class!

But what exactly is confidence? The word “confidence” is the noun form of the verb “to confide.”  When you look up “confide” at, some form of the word “trust” appears 8 times: trust, entrust, intrust, trustworthiness, trustingness, trustfulness. Look up these words if you don’t know them.

One of my most favorite meanings for the word trust is to allow without fear.  We don’t make ourselves confident. We allow ourselves to be confident. Confidence is something we already have. We only need to allow it to come forward.

Many people associate confidence with success. If we’re confident, everything will work out the way we want. This is often not so.  Life often works out differently than we planned. Does this mean we can never be confident? Of course not!

Others think confidence is about being number ONE, the strongest, the smartest, the best, able to beat all others. Well, there is only one number one. What about everyone else? Is it possible to be number 2 or 52 or 192 and still be confident? Of course it is!

Some think confidence is something we put on like a coat. Look and act confident no matter what. Never show you’re afraid or nervous. Is this real confidence? No.

Confidence is allowing us to be who we are and knowing that who we are is valuable.

Confidence is knowing that we’re always learning and learning involves trying and not getting it quite right and trying again.

Confidence is knowing we’ll feel afraid when we try something new and trying it anyway.

Confidence is not worrying so much what others think.  When we’re okay with ourselves, what others think isn’t very important.

Confidence is the ability to confide in oneself — to be truthful and trustworthy with yourself which then helps you be truthful and trustworthy with others.

As we allow ourselves to be more confident, our English lessons become easier. We’re more relaxed so we learn more quickly.

We can speak an English word, say it incorrectly, laugh and try again.

We have more energy to put into our studies.

We’ll take more risks in speaking out and in our writing.

No matter where you are in your English study, you are fine! Keep going! Keep learning and using what you learn! Enjoy!

Buddha’s Brain is the title of a book by an American doctor, Rick Hanson, who has studied Theravada Buddhism for many years.

In his book, Rick tells us how our brains are “wired” to remember negative situations and events much more clearly than positive ones.

In other words, if you fail a test, you will remember it much longer than you will remember all the tests you passed.

If you tried to speak to a foreigner and then forgot your words and felt soooo embarrassed,  you will probably feel this same way again the next time you try to speak to a foreigner and the next time and the next.

This is important information for anyone who is trying to learn something difficult — like English. Why?

1. Learning is faster and easier when the brain can work freely. When negative experiences from the past cloud our brain, our natural learning ability is blocked.

2. When we’re studying English or trying to speak in English and we get anxious (worried is the word most native Thai speakers would use), we’re really in the past and not in the present.

3. Knowing that this anxiety is not about the present moment frees us to let it go and, when we do this, our knowledge can come forward. This is when we find we know more than we think we know!

4. There are ways to be present. Ways to bring our mind into the present and release the past. Meditation helps whether you do it by sitting for a time each day or taking a few seconds many times a day to become quiet.

In future posts I will write about some of Rick Hanson’s strategies for releasing the mind from past experiences. For now, just know that your worry is not about you and what you know but about past experience. This will free you to learn more, faster and more easily.

Have a gorgeous day!